Periodontitis, also known as gum disease, is a serious oral health condition that affects the gums and the bone that supports the teeth. It is caused by the buildup of plaque and bacteria on the teeth and gums.
The symptoms of periodontitis can include swollen, red or bleeding gums, bad breath, receding gums, loose teeth, and changes in the way your teeth fit together when you bite down.
Periodontitis is caused by the buildup of plaque and bacteria on the teeth and gums. Other factors that can contribute to the development of periodontitis include smoking, genetics, certain medications, and medical conditions such as diabetes.
To diagnose periodontitis, your dentist will perform a visual exam of your teeth and gums and may take x-rays to look for signs of bone loss. They may also use a special probe to measure the depth of the pockets between your teeth and gums.
While there is no cure for periodontitis, it can be managed with proper treatment and maintenance. Treatment may include deep cleaning procedures such as scaling and root planing, medication, and surgery in severe cases.
To prevent periodontitis, it is important to maintain good oral hygiene habits such as brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and visiting your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings. Additionally, quitting smoking and eating a healthy diet can help prevent periodontitis.
If periodontitis is left untreated, it can lead to more serious oral health issues such as tooth loss, bone loss, and even systemic health problems such as heart disease and diabetes.
The cost of treatment for periodontitis varies depending on the severity of the condition and the specific treatment being used. It is best to schedule a consultation appointment with your dentist to get an accurate estimate of the cost.
After treatment for periodontitis, it is important to maintain good oral hygiene habits such as brushing and flossing regularly and visiting your dentist for regular checkups and cleanings. Your dentist may also recommend additional maintenance procedures such as periodontal maintenance cleanings to help manage the condition.
Yes, periodontitis can be prevented in children by teaching them good oral hygiene habits at a young age, including brushing twice a day and flossing daily, and encouraging them to eat a healthy diet. Additionally, regular dental checkups and cleanings can help prevent periodontitis in children.