Bruxism or Teeth grinding is an abnormal human behavior wherein the human being gnashes, grinds or clenches his teeth in a habitual manner. Both the adults and children are affected by this. It has been assessed that the number of persons affected by bruxism is between 30M and 40M and this includes both children and adults.
This habit can occur both in the day (diurnal) and the night (nocturnal). It occurs in children mostly in the night when the individual is in deep asleep whereas the adults get affected both during day and night. The individual is conscious of this habit when it occurs during the day whereas they hardly realize it when it occurs during sleep. This sleep related bruxism is also known as nocturnal bruxism. If this habit is severe it could fracture dental fillings or cause damage to the tooth.
The following are the possible causes for bruxism in adults
Parents would be interested in seeing their child sleep peacefully with easy breathing. However, there are parents who find that their child gnashes and grind their teeth. Bruxism is very common in kids under the age of five and according to experts 2% to 3% of the kids in this age group are affected by bruxism. Fortunately, most of the children overcome this problem after they get adult teeth.
Some of the reasons for this disorder in children are as follows:
Most bruxists do not require any treatment. Children overcome bruxism without any special treatment once they get adult teeth; on the other hand adults rarely have severe bruxism.
In severe cases, it has to be treated dentally, psychologically and with medication. Psychological and medical issues have to be attended to by the specialists in their respective fields – medical practitioners, psychologists etc.
The dental treatments will depend on the severity of tooth wear. Preventive measures can be taken in the initial stages where as if the attrition is severe it is essential to restore the teeth with root canal treatment and/or crowns. This will bring the size of teeth to normal thereby making the jaws normal and also improving the aesthetics of your teeth and face.