Bone grafting is the replacement or augmentation of the bone around the teeth. Bone grafting is a surgical procedure that places new bone or a replacement material into spaces between or around broken bone (fractures) or in holes in bone (defects) to aid in healing.
Bone grafting is used in any of the following three ways to repair a bone defect.
Bone loss or destruction occurs due to periodontal disease or trauma. In such cases bone grafting is performed to regenerate the lost bone.
The following are some of the reasons why bone grafting is required:
The dentist will incise the gum at the bone defect site and reflect a flap. He will then place the bone to be grafted onto the exposed jaw bone. Then he will replace the flap of the gum and stitch it back into the place. The time of healing will vary from person to person and on the average time takes about 6 months. Patients are administered a course of antibiotics after placing the bone graft. The dentist might also prescribe antiseptic mouthwashes to preserve the gum that covers the bone graft.